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    2018 World Cup "Positioning Technology"

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    The most distinguishing feature of the 2018 World Cup, which we follow with enthusiasm, is the use of technology. This year, the implementation of the "VAR system"Technology is one of the best examples of the ability to change all the habits.

    In Russia, both on the field and off-site FIFA World Especially in the cup GPSlocation technology and photogrammetry made a big impression.

    Let's go to 4 years ago now, not much, date is July 13, 2014. FIFA World Cup finals. Argentina and Germany had a skirmish struggle until the 112th minute. One minute later, Mario Gotze, 23, who made the perfect score for Andre Schurrle, took the cup to his country.

    The German coach Joachim Low began to look like a genius at the end of the cup. What many did not know, however, was that Low benefited from the blessings of technology. As part of their pre-World Cup training, the German team put on GPS-equipped devices to monitor everything from standard speed, distance, heart rate, as well as other standard preparations. Later, data were analyzed to see exactly how well each athlete was performing, and this information was used to plan the team's future strategies.

    So what, in just four years, Joachim Low has become one of the most hated men in Germany today. The answer is simple, the technology that makes Low y hero yesterday is now easily accessible to the managers of every team.

    Electronic performance monitoring systems

    GPS based wearable devices have begun to be used in different sports, but not until recently in competition-based sports, including the previous World Cup in Brazil. Only in February 2015 is the International Football Association Board, just in time for that year's Women's World Cup in Canada, electronic monitoring approved.

    In March 2018, just three months before the World Cup in Russia, Fifa, allowing them to match electronic performance and monitoring systems. Team analysts were allowed to communicate data and communicate with coaches throughout the match.
    With the help of tablets, each team was able to obtain real-time information about player performances and positional data (subject to a 30 second delay) and to direct the game through these parameters.

    GPS base wearable devices; whether it's a shirt, a watch, or any other sensor in the players' body - that records hundreds of data in the body. Some of these are: player position, position picking speed, team play, heart rate, kick sensitivity, By running this data on analysis platforms, coaches can design team strategies, physical training sessions and the like according to the demands of team player positions. GPScan also monitor game fatigue by showing the difference between the highest running densities in the first 15 minutes of the game. This data may indicate player fatigue and fitness.

    Teams including Germany, Brazil, Portugal, Belgium, England, Poland, Denmark and Morocco benefited from STATSports technology during the World Cup, a black compression vest worn under normal uniform. Various other teams were using a range of other products from companies like Mancınık, Zepp, FieldWiz.

    Goal Line Technology

    One of the innovations that brought the World Cup up was the goal line technology or Goal Line Technology (GLT), the use of technology to determine whether the ball has passed the target line. This information then informs the end result via a special watch worn by the referee to respond instantly.

    Compared to the use of similar technology in other competing sports, "GLT" was approved in July 2012, not to interfere with the game. Following this, the technology is in Brazil FIFA Word Cup 2014have been adopted for use.

    There are two types of "GLT" - "Camera base" and "Magnetic field based".

    Camera Based

    Fifa right now World Cupfor "Goalcontrol" technology. There are 14 high-speed cameras around the scenery, and each target has seven cameras that focus to locate the exact location around that area. A software then analyzes all the photos to decide if the ball passes the target line. All of this happens in a second!

    The computer uses triangulation to calculate the exact position of the ball. Triangles are a geometric method for calculating the position of an object. The process continues by measuring the length of one side of each triangle and then measuring the lengths of the two sides and the oblique angles. Then, by software, it calculates the balls corresponding to the top of the ball, calculates each ball, and as a result, 3D imagecreates

    Camera technology via triangulation produces extremely reliable results, even though the players' bodies do not block the views of some cameras. Since only three cameras are required to implement the triple cameras, even if a few camera images are blocked, others can be captured without any problems. If the ball is completely past the target line, a signal is immediately transmitted through the watch or a headset.

    Magnetic Field Based

    For the magnetic field system, the cables are placed underground and around the target. There are also electronic sensors inside the ball. The interaction between the receptors on the top and the magnetic fields created through the underground cables allows the software to calculate the exact position of the ball and determine when a goal has been thrown.

    This technology, Adidas in partnership with Cairos Technologies AG . Designed exclusively by Adidas, the ball has a suspended sensitive sensor that can withstand strong strokes.

    The sensor in the moving ball distorts the magnetic field around the target mouth. This signal is then transmitted to a computer that decides whether or not the ball is passing completely through the line. An affirmative response is immediately followed by a goal warning at the time of the referee.

    Smart Ball
    From the outside it looks like a normal football. Adidas, who has been the official ball for the World Cup since 1970, has decided to be smart this year. Official ball for Russia World Cup Adidas Telstar 18 has an embedded Near Field Communication (NFC) chip. At this point, it is only for consumer use.

    Adidas and Android as well as iOS device-driven user experience. With the smart ball you can get clues about power, spin, orbit. The application teaches a player's foot up to where and how to hit the ball. Your orbit You can map. You can use the two fingers on the smartphone's screen to drill down to see what's going on. 3D model  you can navigate on it.

    Will the game thrill you?
    These developments are just the beginning. We will be able to watch more reliable games thanks to wearable smart clothes, instantaneous generating equipment. But the main question is that too much technology will allow this beautiful game to remain beautiful? We'il just wait and see ...

    "Content was taken from Geospatialworld" Anusuya Datta ".

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