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    Latest Satellite List


    Do you think you know the remote sensing satellites?

    Think again.

    Here is the most popular 50 satellites quietly orbiting Earth.

    From satellite to precise positioning, each satellite has a purpose. Let's take a look at these satellites that make our lives easier now!

    1Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)

    Image: NASA

    Precise Positioning NASA

    An engineering wonder. Eliminating selective accessibility has enabled us to determine our exact GPS position anywhere in the world using 32 satellites in the system.


    Image: NASA

    Earth Resources NASA / USGS

    This incredibly long-lived satellite has archived the history of the Earth with over 40 years of images.

    3Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre (SPOT)

    Image: Center National d'Etudes Spatiales CNES

    Legacy Satellite CNES, Airbus Defense & Space

    In 1986, the SPOT-1 satellite became the latest technology in the world of remote sensing. Since then, the world's vegetation, the height of the Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine and even viewed.

    4Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)

    Image: NASA

    Tropical Air and Global Energy NASA

    The tropical explorer observes the cloud structure and rainfall throughout the equator. By understanding these mechanisms, scientists can better predict global energy balances, water cycles and El Niño.

    5Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)

    Image: NASA

    Meteorological Satellite NOAA

    GOES knows the weather. Since 1975, this geographical satellite set (among others) is the real heroine that is predicting the weather of our planet.

    6Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)

    Image: NASA

    Gravity and Climate NASA

    The satellite development team nicknamed this satellite Tom & Jerry. Each satellite measures the sliding of each other to determine the force of gravity.

    (Image: NASA;)


    Image: NASA

    Earth, Weather & Land NASA

    It's part of NASA's highly skilled A-Train fleet. Skills include land modeling (ASTER), land cover classification (MODIS) and air quality monitoring (MOPITT).


    Image: Airbus & Defense / ESA

    Hydrology & Atmosphere ESA / Airbus & Defense

    Before losing communication with this satellite in 2012, they had important duties in ocean, hydrological, land and atmospheric studies. It is a candidate to remove from orbit because of its large body (8 tons).

    9National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Satellite (NOAA)

    Image: NASA

    Meteorological Satellite NOAA

    NOAA satellites allow us to see the weather and environmental conditions in the world every day.

    10Advanced Land Observation Satellite (ALOS)

    Image: JAXA

    Meteorology & Land JAXA

    JAXA's ALOS World 3D (DAICHI) data is the world's most sensitive DEM (Digital Elevation Model) with a resolution of 5 meters resolution and height. ALOS-2 has many features including L-band PALSAR radar and stereo mapping (PRISM).


    Image: Canadian Space Agency

    C-Band Radar Canadian Space Agency

    Radarsat-2 is the C-band radar that Canada has developed to monitor the arctic region. As part of the Radarsat mission, the 3 future satellites will continue to govern the resources of the land mass of the northern arctic region.

    12PlanetScope (Dove)

    Image: Planet

    Earth Observation Planet

    Low cost and low weight. This system of micro satellites (nicknames: pigeons) scans the world with images of 3-5 meters resolution.


    Image: ESA

    Meteorology European Space Agency

    Constant observer of meteorology in Europe and Africa. It sends an image every 15 minutes for the weather forecast in Europe.

    14The Sentinel

    Image: ESA

    Multi-spectral and Radar European Space Agency

    An exciting fleet of 6 missions to understand the world's climate in the Copernicus Program. Sentinel-2's 12 spectral band and 10 meter natural color feature are important in open data area.


    Image: National Reconnaissance Office

    Spy Satellite National Reconnaissance Office

    This military satellite was developed for strategy and was used to spy on the Soviet Union in the 1960s. The discovery of the discovery images has been removed and is now widely used by archaeologists.


    Image: DigitalGlobe

    Earth Sciences DigitalGlobe

    IKONOS, a satellite wonder at the time, was the first commercial satellite to be licensed in the United States. However, IKONOS-1 could not be sent into space. IKONOS-2 was sent and this satellite was renamed IKONOS.

    17TerraSAR (TanDEM-X)

    Image: Airbus & Defense

    Topography Airbus Defense and Space

    German twin satellites producing unrivaled WorldDEM data using X-band SAR. TerraSAR data are also incredibly useful for surface movement, disaster prevention and environmental applications.

    18Gravity Field and Steady-State Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE)

    Image: ESA / Airbus & Defense

    Gravity European Space Agency

    GOCE specializes in measuring the Earth's gravitational field and ocean behavior in unprecedented detail. This success is achieved by using a highly sensitive gradiometer (inclinometer) and three pairs of accelerometers.


    Image: DigitalGlobe

    High Resolution Multispectral Image DigitalGlobe

    DigitalGlobe's extremely high resolution (31 cm) image-able satellites make it virtually understandable even on license plates.


    Image: DigitalGlobe

    Land Resources DigitalGlobe

    The versatile and cost-effective QuickBird satellite offers high-resolution (60 cm) optical images of the world. In 2015, he was decommissioned.

    21Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS)

    Image: ESA

    Soil Moisture NASA / JPL

    It is a large-scale satellite that provides data on soil moisture and ocean salinity to improve our knowledge of land and ocean processes.


    Image: ISRO

    Land Use & Sea Observation Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

    The ResourceSAT satellite with its original name IRS is a pole-synchronized Indian satellite with a moderate multi-spectral resolution. It is also used in ship surveillance with automatic identification system.

    23 Aqua

    Image: NASA

    Water Cycle, Earth & Atmofer NASA

    NASA's multi-purpose satellite contributes to understanding the Earth's water cycle system by measuring relative humidity (AIRS / AMSU), cloud height (CERES) and energy flow (AMSR-E). Thanks to its polar trajectory, the entire Earth surface has recurrent coverage every 1-2 days.

    24Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO)

    Image: NASA

    Cloud Section NASA / JPL

    CALIPSO draws the vertical profile of the cloud structure using a special sensor for laser technology and the sine-cloud.

    25China-Brazil Earth Resource Satellite (CBERS)

    Image: CBERS / INPE

    Land Use / Drape China & Brazil

    China and Brazil have a common duty to observe the issues of agriculture, environment, water pollution and urban planning in their countries.

    26Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)

    Image: NASA

    Global Topography NASA

    Using two radar antennas and interferometry, it produced a terrestrial model called SRTM-30. This system, which was placed on the space shuttle Endeavor, achieved this challenging task in only 11 days.


    Display: NASA / JPL-Caltech


    Ice Thickness & Height NASA / JPL

    Developed for the first space-based laser altimeter (GLAS) studies of the Earth's surface, this satellite has measured more than 904 million units from forest heights to ice thickness.

    28Television Infrared Observation Satellites (TIROS)

    Image: NASA

    Weather Notification NASA

    It is a low orbital satellite that provides infrared weather observations for television broadcasts in the 1960s. Early storm was effective in sending alerts.

    29Joint Altimetry Satellite Oceanography Network (JASON)

    Image: NASA

    Ocean Height NASA

    The altimeter of JASON, the predecessor of TOPEX / Poseidon, is tasked with mapping ocean basement batimetry and rising sea levels for the ocean surface topography mission.

    30 cloudsat

    Image: NASA

    Cloud Observation & Hydrology NASA / JPL

    This satellite creates vertical fluctuation profiles of clouds with radar. Clouds, weather and climate events, provide key information about atmospheric and hydrological cycles.


    Image: NASA

    Atmosphere NASA

    The satellite, developed by NASA, serves to reveal air quality and climate health. Thanks to its 4 components (HIRDLS, MLS, OMI and TES), it measures gas mixtures, temperature and aerosols in the upper atmosphere.

    32 KOMPSAT

    Image: Korean Aerospace Research Institute KARI


    Multi-Purpose Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)

    This multispectral satellite, also known as Arirang, provides 1-meter resolution synthetic span radar (SAR) images following North Korean military operations and more.

    33Project for On-Board Autonomy (PROBA)

    Image: ESA

    Global Space European Space Agency

    Micro cube-like satellite with 30 meters of hyperspectral data. Using multi-faceted perspectives, PROBA has produced a roughly global collection of global vegetation.

    34Earth Observing-1 Mission (EO-1)

    Image: NASA

    Validation & Trials NASA

    The new Millennium Program (NMP) has been developed by NASA with advanced hardware features in science and innovation. The Hyperion sensor can detect 220 spectral wavelengths to better characterize minerals and world properties.


    Soil Knowledge Planet

    RapidEye is a satellite from Germany. The satellite, which was formerly of BlackBridge, was now purchased by the Planet. This 5 satellite satellite system still provides large scan width and high resolution (5 meters) anywhere in the world.

    36Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP)

    Image: NASA

    Soil Moisture NASA / JPL

    Equivalent active and passive sensors are used for precise measurement of moisture worldwide. Due to sensor failure, this satellite is also disabled as SMOS satellite.


    Image: ESA / Airbus & Defense

    Land Knowledge Airbus Defense & Space

    It consists of 2 agile commercial satellites operating in the same orbit. The Pleiades catches amazing detail (2 meters) and can scan the Earth in any direction.

    (Image Courtesy of ESA / Airbus & Defense;)


    Image: NOAA

    Meteorology NOAA

    It is a polar orbit meteorology satellite used for short term weather forecasts and large terrain, ocean and atmospheric measurements. Monster is useful in capturing the sight of hurricane and super cells.


    Image: ISRO

    Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

    CartoSAT, India's commercial satellite, collects land information with its multispectral, panchromatic and stereo mapping capabilities.


    Image: DigitalGlobe

    Google Maps DigitalGlobe

    Google's high-resolution (1.65 meters) viewing satellite is so sharp that ecologists have used it to track the animal population.

    41 Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (MMS)

    Image: NASA

    Magnetosphere NASA / JPL

    This satellite, which is an expert in the multi-atomic, has a unique quadrature formation consisting of four identical spacecraft to map the interaction between the sun and the Earth's magnetic field.

    42Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC)

    Disaster Monitoring Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales

    The DMC is capable of monitoring disasters with highly sensitive sensors. AISAT-1 consists of BilSAT, UK-DMC, Beijing-1, Deimos-1 and NigeriaSAT.

    43Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES)

    Image: NOAA

    Air & Environment NOAA

    The NOAA polar orbit meteorological satellite is used to describe atmospheric phenomena with high spatial and temporal resolution images.

    44Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA)

    Image: NASA

    Mars Surface Height NASA / JPL

    This satellite, which was commissioned to reveal the mystery of Mars, discovered the ancient river beds on the surface of Mars with the height data collected in orbit of the red planet.


    Image: Canadian Space Agency

    Ozone Layer Canadian Space Agnecy

    scisat; It is designed to detect the amount of depletion in the ozone layer, which cannot be captured by balloons, planes or other satellites.

    46SeaStar (Orbview-2)

    Image: NASA

    Ocean Biology NASA

    It is used by ocean biologists to measure the chlorophyll color change produced by marine plants with its SeaWIFS (Ocean-surfing Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor) sensor.


    Display: NASA / JPL-Caltech

    Ocean Winds NASA

    This satellite SeaWinds hardware provides data on all weather and cloud conditions in the oceans thanks to a special microwave radar feature that measures near-surface wind speed and direction.


    Image: SkyBox Imaging

    Video Shooting Skybox Imaging

    This commercial satellite is a micro-satellite developed for collecting high resolution panchromatic and multispectral images.


    Image: NASA / JPL

    Solar Radiation NASA / JPL

    Developed for the purpose of solar observation, this satellite performed experimental studies on solar radiation. In 2004, due to the shadow formed by the planet Venus, it found a 0.1% reduction in the radiation emitted from the sun.


    Image: ESA

    Water Cycle European Space Agency

    The purpose of these air satellites is to observe the tropical seas to better understand the global water cycle and climate change. (Global Energy and Water Cycle Test - GEWEX)

    Source: https://gisgeography.com/satellite-list/

    Selçuk Demir
    He graduated from Yıldız Technical University in 2012 as a Map Engineer. He received his master's degree in Geographical Information Systems from the same university. He is continuing his PhD studies at Istanbul Technical University. He has been involved in many projects at private and public institutions.


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