Auschwitz Liberation Through Maps

Nazi Germany’s largest concentration and extermination camps, Auschwitz, was established in 1940 in the suburbs of the Polish city of Oswiecim. Though there is no concrete answer for how many people were sent to Auschwitz during World War II, it is estimated that between 1.1 million and 1.5 million people died at the notorious Auschwitz-Birkenau camps; 90% of them Jews. Auschwitz was finally liberated on January 27, 1945, by Soviet troops. On the 76th anniversary of Auschwitz’s liberation today, here is a look back at the site which had become a virtual synonym for the Holocaust.

Where is Auschwitz?

Auschwitz is located near the industrial town of Oświęcim in southern Poland, about 70 km from Krakow.

How many camps were there in Auschwitz?

The Auschwitz camp complex constituted of three large camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), and Auschwitz III (Monowitz).

Auschwitz I Camp, 1944

Auschwitz II (Birkenau) Camp, Summer 1944

Auschwitz III (Monowitz) Camp, 1944

Music for controlling and torturing prisoners

Below is a digital rendering of the ‘musical geography’ of Auschwitz Camp II (Birkenau), as compiled by a Stanford researcher. The red circles indicate where the ‘forced music’ played by guards could be heard, while the blue circles illustrate how the ‘voluntary music’ of the inmates spread throughout the camp.

Auschwitz and other Nazi extermination camps

Millions were killed in six primary extermination camps where the Nazis implemented the ‘final solution’.

Courtesy: Washington Post

Identifying every Jewish victim of Auschwitz

Activists are trying to identify each and every Jewish victim of Auschwitz.

Courtesy: The Economist

International status of education about the Holocaust

A UNESCO research compared high school textbooks in 139 countries and territories in 2015 and discovered that only 57 countries described the Holocaust directly.

Courtesy: UNESCO/Georg Eckert Institute

Official flight restriction zone over Auschwitz

Auschwitz Museum is probably the first museum in the world for which an official flight restriction zone was established in mid-2019.

Courtesy: auschwitz.org

Source: Remembering 75 years of Auschwitz liberation through maps

Nursinem Handan ŞAHAN
Graduated from Yıldız Technical University, Department of Geomatics Engineering in 2018 as an honour student. During her undergraduate education, she studied at the Warsaw University of Technology with the Erasmus + program. Currently continuing her education at Istanbul Technical University, Department of Geographical Information Technologies.

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