High-accuracy 3D modelling inside the Great Pyramid of Giza

In 2017, a research team formed by Nagoya University and other institutions announced the discovery of an unknown giant void inside the Great Pyramid of Giza located in Egypt. The government of Egypt designated the Higashi Nippon International University for “The Great Pyramid Project” launched in April 2018.

Hitachi and ImageOne partnered up to capture and document the insides of the Great Pyramid Giza in Egypt.

High-accuracy 3D modelling inside the Great Pyramid Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza from Histoire de l’art égyptien (1878) by Émile Prisse d’Avennes. Original from The New York Public Library.

Mr. Sakuji Yoshimura, President of Higashi Nippon International University and project leader, recalls: “The Minister of Antiquities from Egypt called, and wanted to know if this announcement could be verified scientifically. Pix4D, therefore, started a scientific verification process where the inside of the pyramid was scanned with cameras and the data converted to 3D models.”

See “What is Remote Sensing?” for getting basic pieces information about Remote Sensing.

HardwarePhase One 100-million pixel ultra-high resolution camera
SoftwarePix4Dmapper photogrammetry software
Outputs3D model
Fly-through video
Project details
High-accuracy 3D modelling inside the Great Pyramid Giza
The images processing in Pix4Dmapper

Using the right tools for the project of the Great Pyramid Giza

JEPICO, with its high-performance 100-million pixel camera, and Hitachi Systems, which has advanced technical capabilities and extensive experience in 3D modeling with images using Pix4Dmapper, joined this project as partners.

The key to accurately modeling the interior of the Great Pyramid, where lighting conditions are challenging, was the project members’ know-how in capturing data, as well as the technical expertise in utilizing various features of Pix4Dmapper software. Even for the dark and narrow King’s Chamber inside the Great Pyramid, the team succeeded in generating an accurate 3D model that provides a faithful reproduction of the real colors and shapes.

Pix4Dmapper Fly-Through: Inside the Great Pyramid

Now that remote investigation is enabled by accurate 3D reconstructions, the team has hopes for new archeological discoveries, such as the ability to distinguish materials by their image color.

Mr. Yoshimura comments, “I was simply astounded at how, instead of using CGI for reproduction or similar methods, real images were used for the modeling, using the colors of the actual objects. Clear and sharp images and videos like these of the King’s Chamber have never been seen before and will be extremely useful in future pyramid studies.”

Source: High-accuracy 3D modeling inside the Great Pyramid

Nursinem Handan ŞAHAN
Graduated from Yıldız Technical University, Department of Geomatics Engineering in 2018 as an honour student. During her undergraduate education, she studied at the Warsaw University of Technology with the Erasmus + program. Currently continuing her education at Istanbul Technical University, Department of Geographical Information Technologies.

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